What is Range Bar Charts: Types, and Trading Strategies

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What is Range Bar Charts

Range charts are robust trading tools providing a distinct view of market movements and trends. Understanding their definition, calculating techniques, and trading strategies is critical for traders who want to better their analytical skills and decision-making. This article delves into the essence of range charts, how they operate, and the benefits they provide. By the conclusion, readers will understand how to create range charts to make informed trading decisions successfully.

What is a Range Chart?

A range chart is a form of financial chart that shows price fluctuations inside a specific range, giving traders a concise overview of market activity. Range charts differ from standard time-based charts in that they depict price versus price movement rather than time intervals. Each bar on a range chart shows a predetermined price range rather than a specific period. When the price surpasses this threshold, a new bar is produced. 

Range charts efficiently filter out market noise and emphasise noteworthy price changes, allowing traders to detect patterns, trends, and support/resistance levels more accurately. This alternate charting style provides a new view of the market's conditions and may be used with classic technical analysis tools.

How to Calculate Range Bars?

Calculating range bars entails multiple procedures to find each bar's price range. Here's a breakdown of the procedure how to calculate range bars:

Select Data

  • Choose the asset (such as stocks, currency pairs or commodities) and timeframe (like daily, hourly or 15-minute intervals) that align with your trading technique and objectives.
  • Ensure your data is thorough and covers a period to capture market movements. 

Determine the High and Low Ranges

  • Scan the specified data to get the top and lowest costs.
  • The highest high reflects the most significant price achieved within the chosen period, while the lowest low shows the lowest price.
  • To get the entire price range, subtract the lowest low from the highest high. This range determines the size of each range bar.

Set the Range Bar Size

  • Identify the range bar size based on market volatility trading preferences and risk tolerance.
  • Smaller range widths capture short-term price fluctuations and quick trading strategies, while larger range bars are better suited for swing trading or following trends.
  • Calculate the number of bars needed to cover the price range by dividing it by the bar size in the chosen range.

Construct Bars in Sequence

  • Begin by analysing the dataset's first price data point.
  • Add additional data points sequentially, keeping track of price variations.
  • When the price moves outside the existing range bar's bounds (either above or below the low), close it and create a new one.
  • Ensure that the size of each range bar is consistent with the set range bar size.
  • Continue this process for the whole dataset, generating range bars as needed. 

Trading with Range Bars

Trading using range bars has multiple advantages and may be executed using a variety of tactics. Here are some ideas for trading with range bars:

Identifying Trends and Patterns

  • Range bars improve traders' ability to recognise trends and patterns by filtering out market noise.
  • Look for range bars that move in the same direction, suggesting a solid trend.
  • Recognise chart patterns like flags, triangles, and channels created by range bars, which can indicate breakout or reversal possibilities.

Determine Entry and Exit Locations

  • Use range bar highs and lows to determine accurate trade entry and exit locations.
  • Long bets are entered when the price breaks above the high of a bullish range bar, and short positions are entered when the price breaks below the low of a bearish range bar.
  • To properly control risk, place stop-loss orders below bullish range bars and above bearish range bars.
  • Consider using other technical indicators or support/resistance levels to confirm range bar-based entry and exit signals.

Implementing Breakout Strategies

  • Trading breakouts using range bars involves entering positions when the price breaks out of a consolidation range.
  • Expect a sequence of narrow bars followed by a broad range bar, indicating higher volatility and possible momentum.
  • Confirm breakout signals with increased trading volume indicate significant market involvement and conviction.

Utilising Reversal Signals

  • When the price breaks out of the current trend, use range bars to spot possible reversals.
  • Look for fatigue patterns, such as narrow-range bars followed by wide-range reversals.
  • Combine range bar reversal indications with additional technical indicators like oscillators or candlestick patterns to validate range bar reversal indications. 

Managing Risk Effectively

  • Using suitable risk management measures to safeguard capital when trading with range bars.
  • Determine position size depending on the distance between entry and stop-loss levels, accounting for market volatility.
  • Adjust stop-loss orders as the transaction develops to lock in profits or restrict losses based on future range bar movements.
  • Avoid overtrading and preserve discipline by following predetermined trading rules and tactics.

Strategies for Range Chart Trading

Range chart trading tactics entail recognising trends, patterns, and significant price levels within predetermined price ranges. Traders use breakout and reversal strategies to capitalise on market moves. Using volume and momentum indicators to validate signals, breakout techniques include taking positions when prices break out of consolidation ranges. 

When the price breaks out of the existing trend, reversal signs are shown. These are frequently observed as exhaustion patterns that are followed by trend reversals. Proper position size, stop-loss orders, and adherence to trading regulations are all essential risk management approaches. Continuous examination and tweaking of range charts improve decision-making by maximising trading opportunities while minimising possible losses.


Range charts thus provide traders with a valuable tool for analysing market dynamics, recognising trends, and implementing profitable trading methods. Range charts clarify and give insight into market behaviour by filtering out noise and emphasising noteworthy price changes within predetermined ranges. Traders may capitalise on numerous chances while efficiently controlling risk using breakout and reversal methods. Furthermore, the continual examination and adjustment of range charts allows traders to remain adaptable and sensitive to changing market conditions. With correct execution and attention to trading rules, range charts enable traders to make educated judgments and improve their overall trading performance in volatile financial markets.

  • How are the range bars calculated?

  • How can I make a range chart?

  • What are the benefits of trading range bars?

  • Which trading methods may be used using range bars?

  • Can range charts be used with various financial instruments?