What is Hammer Candlestick in Stock Trading?

Last updated:
 Hammer Candlestick

Traders and investors in the financial markets often rely on the hammer candlestick patterns as a valuable visual tool for analysing price movements over a specific time period. These patterns help in understanding market sentiment and predicting potential price changes. A hammer candlestick is considered a bullish signal when it appears after a downtrend, suggesting a possible reversal in the market.

When a hammer candlestick forms during a downtrend, it shows that the market had an eventful day: the price initially dropped after opening but then recovered to close higher than the opening price, all within a single timeframe. Pay attention to the position of the hammer as it can provide valuable insights for your trading decisions.

What is Hammer Candlestick Pattern?

The hammer candlestick pattern is a bullish reversal indicator that appears after a downtrend. It shows the potential exhaustion of selling momentum and a shift to an upward trend. This pattern is important for traders looking to capitalise on trend reversals.

How does the hammer candlestick pattern appear?

When we talk about the appearance of a hammer candlestick pattern, we are referring to a significant technical trading pattern. This pattern has a resemblance to the shape of the letter "T." It typically occurs when a security's price trend drops below its opening price, resulting in a long lower shadow; then, it reverses and closes near its opening. Hammer candlestick patterns usually appear after a security's price has experienced a significant decline over three trading days. These patterns are often used as indicators of a potential reversal in trend.

Some other patterns that can be used as indicators in technical analysis include Doji, Engulfing, Piercing, Dark Cloud Cover, and Morning Star patterns. Traders can make better decisions by using these patterns, which can offer insightful information about probable price reversals and trend continuations.

Advantages of referring to hammer candlestick pattern

The hammer candlestick pattern offers several benefits to traders: 

  • Its distinct shape and characteristics make it easy to identify on price charts, allowing traders to quickly recognise potential opportunities for price reversals.
  • The pattern serves as a valuable indicator of a shift in bullish or bearish momentum within the prevailing market trend. This insight can help traders anticipate potential changes in price direction and adjust their trading strategies accordingly.
  • Moreover, the hammer candlestick pattern is considered reliable when confirmed by subsequent price action. Its effectiveness is enhanced when used in conjunction with other technical analysis tools, providing traders with a comprehensive approach to decision-making and improving the overall accuracy of their trading signals.

Drawbacks of Employing Hammer Candlestick Patterns

There are some limitations to the hammer candlestick pattern, take a look at them below:

  1. Market Conditions: These patterns may not perform effectively in certain market conditions, such as low liquidity or extreme volatility, making them less reliable indicators.
  2. Confirmation Requirement: Using hammer candlesticks often requires confirmation from subsequent price action, which may lead to delayed entry or exit points for trades.
  3. Over-reliance: Relying solely on hammer candlestick patterns without considering other technical indicators and market factors may result in biased decision-making and missed opportunities.

How to Use Inverted Hammer Candlestick Pattern in Trading Analysis?

In trading analysis, the Inverted Hammer candlestick pattern can be a useful tool for identifying potential trend reversals. To effectively use this pattern, first verify that the length of the upper shadow is more than 2X that of the real body. This characteristic suggests a strong rejection of lower prices and indicates a potential bullish reversal.

Additionally, if the formation of Inverted Hammers occurs with a gap down from the previous day’s candlestick, then the chances of reversal are stronger. This gap down supports the notion of a shift in market sentiment.

Furthermore, paying attention to the volume in trading is crucial. High volume on the day of the formation of the Inverted Hammer candlestick pattern signifies that buyers have entered the market and are exerting pressure to increase the price of the stock. This can provide further confirmation of a potential bullish reversal.

It is advisable to enter into a buying position the next day if the price opens higher, as this can act as a signal for a continued upward momentum.

So, before entering into the trade, consider the above criteria to confirm the bullish reversal signal given by the Inverted Hammer.


Traders view a hammer as a signal of a potential trend reversal. It occurs when the asset's price drops, indicating that the market may be reaching a low point and experiencing a shift in momentum. A hammer candlestick forming during a downtrend suggests that the market had an eventful day, with the price initially dropping after opening but eventually closing higher than the opening price - all within a single period. The position of the hammer also provides crucial information.

If it is preceded by three or more bearish candles, traders consider it a strong indicator. Furthermore, the next candle following the hammer candlestick must act as confirmation and close above the hammer candle's closing price. When these conditions align, traders see it as a significant sign of a potential reversal and may enter a long position.

Traders typically enter the market when the confirmation candle forms. It's important to note that, similar to other candle formations, hammer candlestick patterns should not be relied upon in isolation.


  • How to distinguish a hammer candlestick?

  • What is the indicator to identify a hammer candlestick?

  • What is the success rate of a hammer?