A Comprehensive Guide on State Goods and Services Tax (SGST)

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State Goods And Services Tax (SGST): Meaning &

India is a federal nation in which the authority to impose and collect taxes has been delegated to both the Center and the States. On March 29, 2017, the Parliament passed the Goods and Service Tax Act, which became operative on July 1st, 2017. Give a tax invoice to every taxable good and service if you are registered for GST.

Introduction to SGST

In contrast to the pre-GST era, which included several taxes, such as Central Excise, Service Tax, State VAT, and so on, the GST law creates a single tax with three parts: CGST, SGST, and IGST. Both the CGST and SGST are levied on supplies of goods or services that take place within a state or intra-state transactions.

On the other hand, only IGST will be collected in the event that supplies of goods or services - also known as inter-state transactions - occur between the states. It becomes crucial to utilize the correct GSTIN in order to determine whether tax components apply. Therefore, before using the GST number in the sales invoice, confirm with the aid of the GST search tool. Note that the GST is a destination-based tax that is paid at the time of the transaction.

'State Goods and Services Tax' is known as SGST. Under GST, the specific state government where the product is consumed levies a comparable amount of SGST on intrastate supplies of both goods and services. Consequently, the SGST Act, 2017 of the relevant state, as revised from time to time (e.g., Telangana GST Act), governs the levy and collection of SGST. All state taxes, including the value-added tax, entertainment tax, luxury tax, entry tax, and others, were combined under the SGST after it was introduced.

As previously said, the Central Government will be in charge of the CGST, which will also be applied to the same intrastate supply. It should be noted that any SGST tax burden can be offset against either IGST or SGST.

GST Threshold Maximum for Intrastate or Interstate Commerce

For intra-state shipments, the cap is Rs. 20 lakhs and above for all dealers, with the exception of the North Eastern States, where the cap is Rs. 10 lakhs and above. Only dealers with a turnover of less than Rs. 1.5 crore who are registered under the composition plan are eligible to get advantages within the state. 

A taxpayer whose yearly income in a financial year is less than or equal to Rs. 1 crore for special category states like Jammu & Kashmir and Uttarakhand, with a maximum of Rs. 75 lakhs for the northeastern states. GST is imposed on all types of supplies when it comes to interstate transactions. The interstate trade turnover component is not involved.

However, as of October 13, 2017, the government issued Notification No. 10/2017 Integrated Tax, exempting those who provide taxable services across state lines and whose total revenue does not exceed Rs. 20 lakhs in a fiscal year from registering.

Characteristics of SGST

  • States levy and collect SGST on goods and services that are provided for a price. 
  • While each state has its own SGST act, the basic elements of the GST law - such as unpredictability, taxable event, valuation, measure, and classification - remain the same in all states. SGST, however, does not apply to exempted services and goods that are not covered by the GST.
  • The money collected through SGST is credited to the accounts of the individual state governments. Additionally, when the total yearly turnover surpasses the designated threshold, SGST is not charged.

State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) Definition and Example

Under the GST regime, the State Government imposes SGST on the supply of goods and services within a state; the SGST Act will regulate the tax. 

Here's an example of SGST: For example, let's say that Mohit, a Gurgaon trader, offers Dinesh in Maharashtra certain commodities that are valued at Rs. 20,000. There is an applicable 18% GST rate, which is made up of 9% CGST and 9% SGST. In this instance, the dealer will take in 3600 rupees as tax, of which 1800 will be sent to the Central Government. A deposit of Rs. 1800 would thereafter be made with the Maharashtra government.

Where SGST is Applicable?

A component of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) is the State Goods and Services Tax, or SGST as it is known in India. Goods and services supplied inside the same state, or intrastate supplies, are liable to the SGST. 

When a business sells goods or services within the same state, it is required to collect sales tax (SGST) from the client and deposit it with the state government. The national Goods and Services Tax (CGST) rate, another part of the Goods and Services Tax that the federal government levies, is frequently the same as the SGST rate, which is set by the particular state government. 

For example, if a Maharashtra firm sells goods to another company in that state, it will charge the buyer both SGST and CGST. If the rates for both taxes are 9%, the company will deduct 9% of the transaction value for SGST and 9% for CGST. The business must pay the relevant state and federal governments 9% SGST and 9% CGST, or 18%. 

It is important to remember that state goods and service taxes only apply to intrastate shipments, whereas the integrated goods and services tax (IGST) applies to interstate deliveries of products and services.


The Goods and Services Tax (GST) rates have undergone numerous adjustments since it was put into effect. The 39th GST Council Meeting took place on March 14, 2020, and the most recent rate revision was put into effect. Additional rate changes have also been discussed in subsequent council meetings. You can visit the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs, Government of India, official website to stay informed about all forms of GST and rate adjustments.

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