PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana: A Simple Guide for Indian Farmers

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PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana

The PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana is a pivotal initiative by the Government of India designed to provide financial support to small and marginal farmers across the country. This article explores the scheme's benefits, eligibility criteria, application process, and its impact on the farming community.

What is PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana?

Launched by the Indian government in 2019, the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) Yojana aims to support the country’s farmers by providing them with financial assistance. The scheme ensures that ₹6,000 per year is distributed to eligible farmers in three equal installments of ₹2,000 each. This financial aid is intended to cover farming costs and other related expenses, thus helping to increase agricultural productivity and improve farmers' livelihoods.

Who is Eligible for PM Kisan Yojana?

The scheme targets small and marginal farmers with a landholding of up to 2 hectares. Eligibility criteria include:

  • The applicant should be a citizen of India.
  • They must own cultivable land as per the land records of the government.
  • All landholding farmers' families which have cultivable land in their names are eligible to apply.

However, certain categories of higher economic status are not eligible for the scheme. This includes:

  • Institutional landholders.
  • Farmer families holding constitutional posts.
  • Active or retired officers and employees of State/Central government as well as PSUs and Government autonomous bodies.
  • Professionals like doctors, engineers, and lawyers.

How to Apply for PM Kisan Yojana?

Applying for the PM Kisan Yojana is straightforward:

  1. Farmers need to visit the nearest Common Service Centres (CSCs) or the official PM Kisan website.
  2. Required documents include land ownership papers, Aadhaar card, and bank account details.
  3. The online form needs to be filled out with accurate farmer details and submitted alongside the necessary documents.

The Benefits of PM Kisan Yojana

The direct benefits of the PM Kisan Yojana are substantial:

  • Financial Support: The annual amount of ₹6,000 helps farmers manage the initial cost of farming, including buying seeds, fertilizers, and equipment.
  • Encouraging Modern Agriculture: With financial support, farmers are encouraged to invest in modern tools and techniques, which can lead to increased agricultural productivity.
  • Reducing Debt: The financial aid helps reduce the burden of borrowing from unorganized sectors, often at high interest rates.

Impact of PM Kisan Yojana

Since its inception, the PM Kisan Yojana has had a significant impact on the agricultural sector in India. Over 10 crore farmers have benefited from the scheme, which has not only helped in increasing their farming output but also in stabilizing their income during off-seasons. The scheme has also been pivotal during the COVID-19 pandemic, providing necessary financial support to the farmers when many other sources of income were disrupted.

Future Prospects of PM Kisan Yojana

The government plans to continuously refine and expand the PM Kisan Yojana to reach more farmers and include more benefits. Initiatives like linking the scheme with other agricultural services like crop insurance and credit facilities are being considered. This integrated approach will help in creating a more robust agricultural support system in India.


The PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana is a testament to the government's commitment to supporting the agricultural backbone of India. By providing financial aid to small and marginal farmers, the scheme not only boosts the agricultural sector but also plays a crucial role in ensuring the country's food security. Farmers who have not yet applied for this scheme are encouraged to do so to avail its numerous benefits.