National Savings Certificate (NSC)

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National Savings Certificate (NSC)

Having money is crucial, but knowing how to manage it safely is challenging. That is where the National Saving Certificates (NSCs) come into the scene. These certificates have been a safe and sure method of saving for people for several years. NSCs are like a special account you open with the government to save. These certificates have existed since India’s early years as an independent country. They’ve been the saving tool of choice for many, helping advance people's and their families' lives one step at a time.

The article will present the details of National Savings Certificates. We'll examine these different qualities that bring them to the attention of savers, the consequences of it, and how they're used to achieve financial objectives. Let's look closely at the NSs and see how this amazing financial tool will help you build for the long run and get a stable and safe future.

What does NSC mean?

The National Savings Certificate is the savings method the Government of India made available. They enable people to apply funds for investment or get interest on their savings. The interest rate on National Savings Certificates is commonly higher than on Bank Fixed Deposits. If you buy a national savings certificate, you get a certificate with the value of the face. For example, say you put Rs.1000 As per this scheme, you will get a certificate of the face value of Rs. 1,000. The certificate matures in 5 years. The compound interest is then added on maturity to your original amount. National Savings Certificates develop the habit of saving and moving small savings into government investment. They provide safety and lucrative yields to retail investors.

Features & Benefits of NSC

The main features & benefits of the scheme are mentioned below:

Attractive Fixed Returns

National saving scheme interest rates are fixed interest rates for investors. The government sets the quarterly rates, which currently stands at 8 % per annum for Q4 FY 2022-23. Once invested, the rate remains fixed for the investor over the entire tenure. The returns from NSC have historically been higher than returns from fixed deposits.

Tax-Saving Investment 

A key benefit of NSC is that investments up to Rs.1.5 lakh are eligible for deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. This helps individuals reduce their taxable income for the year. The maturity amount and interest earned are also tax-free.

Low Investment Limit

You can begin investing in NSC with no less than Rs one hundred. There is no maximum limit on investment in NSCs. This makes it clean for retail investors who can begin with small month-to-month investments.

Long-Term Savings Tool 

NSC comes with a maturity period of 5 years. The interest earned on the investment is compounded annually but is payable only at maturity. This makes NSC ideal for long-term savings goals.

Easy Purchase and Transfer

NSC can be purchased from any post office in India by completing the KYC process. You can also easily transfer NSC certificates between post office branches by completing a request form. This offers flexibility and convenience.

Premature Withdrawal Facility

While premature withdrawals are usually not allowed, investors can withdraw prematurely in exceptional cases like critical illness or the investor's death, subject to conditions.

Who Should Invest in NSC?

National Savings Certificates, a safe option for people to take a steady return from their money while saving on tax, are a revenue resource for the government. NSCs collateralize 100% of their repayment costs and provide interest payback throughout the agreed period. Nevertheless, NSCs cannot provide returns higher than the inflation rate in the same way as tax-saving mutual funds and the National Pension System can because they resemble other fixed-income investment plans.

NSCs are a savings program that can be set aside from your income at the government’s suggestion. Therefore, only individuals and mutual funds can invest in NSCs. Trusts and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) can not. NRIs are prohibited from buying NSC, too. This plan can be availed only by resident individual Indian citizens.

How to invest in NSC?

Here are the steps to invest in NSC offline: 

  • Get the application forms at any post office.
  • Fill in your personal information.
  • Send the form with necessary photocopies of your ID proofs ( attested by you).
  • Ensure that you carry along original identifications for confirmation.
  • Give the cash or cheque you wish to invest.
  • Your NSC certificate is available once your application has been approved.

Here are the steps to invest in NSC online:

  • Log into the Department of Posts internet banking.
  • Under 'General Services', select 'Service Requests'. 
  • Click 'New Requests' and choose 'NSC Account - Open an NSC Account (For NSC).'
  • Enter the deposit amount and select your PO savings bank account to debit from.
  • Read and accept the terms and conditions.  
  • Enter your transaction password and click 'Submit.'
  • You can view and download the deposit receipt.
  • Check the 'Accounts' section to see your new NSC account details.

Documents required to apply for NSC

To apply for an NSC, investors must provide: 

  • Vital document: It could be a passport, PAN card, driver’s license, senior citizen ID, or any other document issued by the government.
  • A photograph of themselves.
  • Proof of Address: This can be a gas, electricity, passport, phone bill, or bank statement that contains their address.

Therefore, in the end, the documents investors need to show will be identity-proof documents, address-proof documents, and pictures. Common identification documents, such as a passport and PAN card, and documents showing your residential address, like utility bills or bank statements, are acceptable.


National Savings Certificates are a time-tested investment option the Government of India offers. NCS is a perfect option to accumulate your savings effectively and securely in the long run. The government guarantees returns and eliminates risk by funding NSCs, which allows your money to grow at a stable pace.