Difference Between Life Insurance and General Insurance: Which One Should You Choose?

Last updated:
Difference Between Life Insurance and General Insurance: Which One Should You Choose?

Difference Between Life Insurance and General Insurance: An Overview

One of the most crucial components of financial planning is having insurance coverage. Individuals who have insurance coverage have financial protection in the event of an emergency. The majority of individuals, however, only have a fundamental understanding of insurance coverage. When you pay the insurance company a set premium, they will provide you with cash recompense should the covered event occur. There are several insurance policy types that cover different eventualities.

In India, there are mainly two types of insurance: life insurance and general insurance. Except for the person's life, general coverage protects against any other danger. Life insurance solely covers the insured's life risk. There are differences in the application and advantages of both life insurance and general insurance. In this article, we shall discover the several distinctions between life insurance and general insurance that has been covered in-depth. We shall also delve into understanding the meaning of both life insurance and general insurance, know about their benefits and understand which type of insurance shall be most suitable for you.

What is Life Insurance Policy?

Life insurance is a contract between both the insurance provider and the policyholder, in which the policyholder agrees to pay the insurance company a predetermined sum in premiums each month in exchange for the required coverage for a predetermined period of time. The insurance policy offers risk protection to the insured person's family in the event of any unforeseen circumstances throughout the policy's term in the guise of both a death or maturity benefit.

Types of Life Insurance Policies in India

  1. Term Life Insurance: This most basic life insurance type provides a safety net to the beneficiary if the life insured dies within the covered period. Term life Insurance is frequently chosen because it offers extensive coverage at a low cost. The term insurance policy provides life cover by providing a death benefit to the policy's beneficiary in the event that the life guaranteed dies within the policy's term.
  2. Whole Life Insurance: You can be covered by the whole life insurance for your whole lifespan, or up to age 100. The beneficiaries of the insurance get the death benefit in the event that the life insured passes away. For those of you who need substantial life insurance and want your family to always be financially secure, it is the best option.
  3. Endowment Plan: Endowment plans combine insurance and investing. A part of the premium is used to guarantee the sum insured, while the remainder is put toward investments. In this type of life insurance, the policy's beneficiary receives the death benefit in the terrible event that the policyholder passes away while the plan is still in effect.
  4. Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIPs): With ULIPs, as policyholders, you may get life insurance while also investing in mutual funds. Long-term financial objectives are good since they contribute to wealth growth. You can invest in a variety of fund alternatives, such as equities for high risk, debt for lower risk, or hybrid funds for more diversified risk, depending on your risk appetite portfolio.

Benefits of Life Insurance

  • Death Incentive: The insurer provides financial protection in the form of a death benefit in the event that a terrible occurrence involving the insured occurs. The chosen nominee receives the entire sum promised in addition to any collected incentives.
  • Critical Illness Benefit: When purchasing a life insurance policy, you have the option of adding a critical illness benefit that protects against life-threatening illnesses like cancer, renal problems, and cardiovascular issues. By doing this, you and your family won't have to worry about the financial implications of medical emergencies.
  • Flexible Premium: To better suit their circumstances, you as a policyholder can choose a flexible premium payment plan. You may choose whether to pay the monthly premiums for life insurance in one lump amount or over a course of multiple recurring installments.

What is General Insurance in India?

Any policy that protects possessions and assets from loss, theft, damage, and other liabilities is known as general insurance. Examples of such assets and valuables include a house, car, health, and travel. This sort of insurance protects assets from theft or damage caused by accidents, fires, natural disasters, riots, terrorist attacks, etc. While life insurance policies offer protection against the danger of death, general insurance offers protection from other sorts of hazards that might harm your health or some of your material possessions, such as a home or a car, among other things.

Types of General Insurance in India

  1. Health Insurance: As the name implies, health insurance, as provided by the insurance company, covers the insured's medical expenses. These contracts relieve the covered policyholder of significant financial hardship by covering their high medical costs and pricey operations.
  2. Motor insurance: It protects automobiles and offers coverage against damage caused by collisions, robbery, protests, or natural catastrophes like floods and cyclones, among other things.
  3. Homeowners Insurance: If an insured calamity or other serious incidents occurs in your home, it helps with the expense of repairs. House insurance provides financial protection for a house's infrastructure and any belongings within in the case of a covered catastrophe.
  4. Travel Insurance: This insurance policy is a type of general insurance that provides coverage for unanticipated losses sustained when traveling domestically or abroad. A travel insurance plan offers protection against the loss of baggage, airline delays, as well as injury and death while abroad.

Advantages of General Insurance 

  • You do not have to be concerned about the cost of the damage if you have insurance on your automobile. You can use your insurance payout to cover your losses.
  • If you have health insurance, your general insurance may cover your hospital expenditures. If the insurance claim is insufficient, you might get supplementary health insurance coverage.
  • With a wide selection of options from numerous forms of insurance, you may choose one or more to protect your family and valuables. General insurance protects your property financially from any harm.
  • A policy to cover your property and anything linked to your business is included in the general insurance policies. This can spare you from suffering enormous financial losses as a result of a natural disaster.

Difference Between Life Insurance and General Insurance

The following table represents the main differences between life insurance and general insurance plans in India:

BasisLife Insurance PoliciesGeneral Insurance Policies
Insurance CoverIt provides financial protection for the insured's life.It provides financial protection for assets other than life, including as a house, health, vacation, and vehicles.
Time-PeriodIt is a long-term policy. Depending upon the contract conditions, it can provide coverage for a set period of time, like 10-20 years or for a lifespan.It is a short-term policy that must be renewed on a frequent basis.
Premium OptionsThe predetermined premium amount must be paid by the policyholder on a regular basis, such as on, a month or on a quarterly, or yearly basis.A lump sum payment is often made by the policyholder at the time of the purchase or renewal. Travel insurance may differ, as it is only necessary whenever a specific trip has to be protected.
ValueAs a  policyholder, you can choose the sum promised according to your family's financial position.The worth of the asset getting covered affects how much the coverage is worth.
Insurance ClaimsIn the event of the policyholder's death, the insured money is paid to the beneficiary. The policyholder may be given the money insured at maturity. The policyholder also receives the interest on investments in Money-Back or Endowment plans.In the case of an unpleasant circumstance as covered by the contract, the policyholder is qualified to receive the promised benefits.

Factors to Consider Before Choosing an Insurance

  • The goal of an insurance policy is to provide a security net for life. When investing in a plan, you should take the factors such as their claim-settlement ratios, customer feedback, and premium amount. etc into account.
  • Think about your financial condition and needs for the now and the future. It will aid in choosing the right level of coverage and premium.
  • The advantages provided by various insurance companies differ and are subject to rules and regulations. Never forget to compare insurance plans to choose an appropriate strategy that maximizes the advantages.
  • Although choosing a policy that provides a number of extra riders, that is certain, is preferred, it must still be within your current means of affordability.
  • To prevent any disputes at the time of the settlement, it is crucial to know the inclusion conditions that govern how the benefits are provided in the insurance.

Feature Alert: Avail a Term Insurance Plan in a few simple steps here.

Protect yourself and your family with the help of Goal Based Planning from INDmoney. Seldom do we keep track of the extent of insurance protection available for our families. Do all this and a lot more with INDmoney. Check if your life insurance plan matches your life goals here.

Most individuals overlook the need for, insurance in effective financial planning, yet it is a crucial component. General insurance and life insurance both have unique advantages and uses. While general insurance safeguards assets, a life insurance policy serves to safeguard an individual's and their family's financial future. Making an informed decision requires comparing the internet estimates for various plans.

  • Do I also require general insurance if I am covered by life insurance?

  • Why should a person purchase life insurance?

  • What are the tax advantages of life insurance and general insurance?

  • What exactly are riders or add-ons?