Chapter 5: Basics of Investing

Basics of Investing Chapter Image

Investing is the process of allocating funds into various financial instruments or assets with the goal of generating returns and building wealth over time. It involves taking calculated risks in exchange for potential rewards. Understanding the basics of investing, such as different asset classes (stocks, bonds, mutual funds), risk management, and portfolio diversification, can help you make informed decisions and maximize your returns while aligning with your financial objectives and risk tolerance.

Types of Investments:

Stocks: Buying shares in companies to gain from their growth and earnings. To explore more click here.

Bonds: Lending money to entities (corporates or governments) for a fixed interest return.

Mutual Funds: Pooling money with other investors to buy a diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds, or other securities. Click here to explore all mutual funds.

Real Estate: Purchasing property to earn rental income or capital gains.


Wealth Growth: Potential to grow your wealth over time.

Compound Interest: Earnings from investments can compound over time.

Inflation Hedge: Investments can help protect against inflation.

Basic Principles:

Risk and Return: Understanding the balance between risk and potential return.

Diversification: Spreading investments across different asset classes to reduce risk.

Time Horizon: Aligning investments with your financial goals and time frame.


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