Last updated: 26 Nov, 2021 | 02:18 pm
Direct plan and regular plan are the two mutual fund plans that every mutual fund scheme offers the investor. Before investing in any scheme, understanding the difference between direct and regular plans, however inter-connected they may appear to be, will give you a better perspective on the approach taken towards investing in any mutual fund schemes.
There are three primary differences between the two plans: the price (value of the asset), total expense ratio (TER), and how exactly you purchase the two plans. The plans have their own perks and an informed decision should be taken after considering the investor’s objective.
What is TER?
Before dwelling on the key differences, let us first understand what TER is all about. The total expense ratio or TER is the fee charged by a mutual fund entity to the investors for the intermittent operational expenses that they bear for the services provided. TER is deducted proportionately from the scheme's assets and reflected in the unit's price or value of the asset (NAV).
All the operational fees are included in the total expense ratio. The commission paid to mutual fund distributors / financial advisors who act as mediators between the asset management company (AMC) and the investor is known as the distribution cost. One of the most important to compare Direct and Regular MFs is the TER.
Direct mutual funds
Many individual investors have been encouraged to make their own investment decisions as a result of increased financial awareness and simple access to the market. Furthermore, the development of internet investment platforms and technical improvements have enabled investors to buy, sell, and obtain other mutual fund services without the need for human participation.
On the other hand, Do-it-Yourself (DIY) investors were compelled to pay the distributor for services they did not require. Considering the interest of such investors, a direct plan was launched on 1st January 2013 for all new and existing mutual fund schemes. There is no need for an intermediary because direct plans are purchased directly from the AMC. Direct plans can be purchased online through the AMC website or in person at the AMC or registrar's office in your city. As a result, if you compare regular vs direct mutual funds, you will find TERs of direct plans are lower.
Regular mutual funds
Regular plans are purchased from mutual fund brokers. Mutual fund distributors provide services such as instructing buyers as to which type of mutual scheme to invest in, filing investor KYC files to Registrars and Agents (RTAs) or Asset Management Companies (AMCs), aiding investors with investment strategy (e.g., filing forms online, cheques, etc., to AMCs/RTAs), and ensuring continuous services (e.g., redemption requests and generating account statements).
As long as investors continue investing in traditional mutual fund schemes, the AMC compensates the distributor for their services. These charges are added to the TER of standard plans by the AMC. As a result, the TERs of regular plans are higher than those of direct plans.
Direct Vs Regular Mutual Funds
Now you can already guess some of the differences between the regular and the direct plan after understanding what the two are. The main three differences as stated above will be explained in a more detailed manner to give you a holistic understanding and make an informed decision.
The distinction between a regular and a direct mutual fund has already been explored. The TER difference between regular and direct plans varies for every AMC and scheme based on the AMC’s commission structure. Commissions on equity funds, for example, are typically greater than commissions on some forms of debt funds, such as overnight funds and liquid funds. The difference between direct and regular plans might be anything from 0.5 to 1%. This has a direct impact on the returns from both direct and regular plans. If a regular plan's TER is 0.75 percent greater than a direct plan's, the direct plan will have a 1% higher CAGR return compared to the regular plan.
The TER of any unit trust plan is calculated by subtracting the current value from the total return (NAV). Because the TERs of regular plans are higher than those of direct plans, the NAVs of direct investment are higher than those of regular plans. In other words, your value of the investment in a regular plan would always be greater than in a conventional plan once you've completed your purchase.
Direct plans are usually for self-reliant investors who do not require the assistance of a financial advisor when purchasing mutual funds. Online investment platforms of AMCs / RTAs and payments through mobile applications have made all the transactions significantly easier for consumers who desire to participate in direct plans. Financial experts, on the other hand, assist investors with investment decisions (such as whether to engage in equities, bonds, or alternative investments, which scheme is better, whether to sell, and so on), as well as with portfolio management.
Who should invest in direct mutual funds?
Direct plans are ideal for investors who prefer to interact directly with specific fund houses rather than through intermediaries. Direct funds are best suited for individuals who have the ability and knowledge to research mutual funds on their own. The investor should handle the complete application, documentation, tracking, portfolio evaluation, and compliance difficulties, among other things. As a result, direct funds are a suitable option for investors who wish to boost their returns by lowering their fee ratio and understanding mutual funds thoroughly.
How to start investing in direct mutual funds?
You can start investing in direct mutual funds either offline or online, after completing the KYC. If you are not comfortable investing through online channels, you can visit the nearest branch. However, the majority of people opt for online platforms, like INDmoney. It is easy and convenient for the users to invest and keep track of all the returns on the investments. It also gives room to explore other investment options in the same domain.
In comparison to conventional plans, direct plans have lower costs and larger profits. The difference in returns over a long investment horizon can be significant. Direct MF plans, on the other hand, require some financial knowledge and experience. You may wind up damaging your financial interests if you make poor investment judgments.
The question isn't whether a regular or direct mutual fund is better. Is it appropriate for you? A direct mutual fund is best for an investing smart person who has the market information, expertise, and time to find the finest mutual fund to invest in. The added expense for hiring an advisor is not worth it because it adds no further benefit. In contrast, the majority of investors require assistance with their investments.
Those who seek such counsel can invest in their advisor's recommended funds. After that, the investment is made on a regular basis. One such platform is INDmoney. It offers a wide range of well-researched investment choices to its clients.
1.How much do you need to invest in mutual funds?
The minimum value of the mutual funds is dependent on the type of mutual funds. However, you can invest in mutual funds as per your monthly income.
2.Can I lose all my money in mutual funds?
Mutual funds are subjective to market risks. It means that whenever the market goes up or down, your investment fluctuates as well. It is highly unlikely to lose all the money, but you can end up on the losing side if the market goes very down.
3.What is TER?
The total expense ratio or TER is the fee charged by a mutual fund entity to the investors for the intermittent operational expenses that they bear for the services provided.